'Angustifolia', developed in France in 1825, has narrow, spear-shaped leaves 20 cm (7.9 in) long by 11 cm (4.3 in) wide, as its name suggests. [26] Many older cultivars have been superseded by newer ones and are no longer available. On the West Coast, it can be grown as far north as the Vancouver, B.C., Canada area, though cooler summers on the West Coast slow growth compared to the East Coast. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. It is notable for its huge flowers, with up to 20 tepals, and vigorous growth. The timber is hard and heavy, and has been used commercially to make furniture, pallets, and veneer. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report SO-16. In 2017 it was decided on the advice of the National Arboretum to cut down and remove the Magnolia because the trunk was in an extremely fragile condition and the supports had been compromised. Magnolia grandiflora was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1759, basing his description on the earlier notes of Miller. A regular Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) gets big -- really BIG.Grumpy's talking 60 to 80 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide. [9] In the eastern United States, it has become an escapee, and has become naturalized in the tidewater area of Virginia and locally in other areas outside of its historically natural range. He did not select a type specimen. It was transplanted by President Andrew Jackson from his home in Nashville, Tennessee, in memory of his beloved wife Rachel. [9], In Florida, it is found in a number of different ecological areas that are typically shady and have well-draining soils; it is also found in hummocks, along ravines, on slopes, and in wooded floodplains. Two extremes are known, with leaves white underneath and with leaves brown underneath. [18] Since the 1940s, when the tree suffered a gash that caused a large section of its trunk to rot, the tree had been supported by metal poles and cables. Magnolia grandiflora is also grown in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America as well as parts of Asia. Although endemic to the evergreen lowland subtropical forests on the Gulf and south Atlantic coastal plain, magnolia grandiflora is widely cultivated in warmer areas around the world. Mature Size The southern magnolia grows to a height of 60–80' and a spread of around 40' at maturity. Flowering is followed by the rose-coloured fruit, ovoid polyfollicle, 7.5–10 cm (3–3 7⁄8 in) long, and 3–5 cm (1 1⁄4–2 in) wide. The southern magnolia grows to a height of 60–80' and a spread of around 40' at maturity. Capable of growing at a moderate rate to a height of 80 feet or more with a 30 to 40-foot spread, southern magnolia forms a dense (more open in the shade), dark green pyramidal shape, the lower branches often bending to the ground. [23] Its use in the Southeastern United States has been supplanted by the availability of harder woods.[24]. It's range extends across the south from North Carolina to Texas and south to Florida. [21], The leaves are heavy and tend to fall year round from the interior of the crown and form a dense cover over the soil surface,[21] and they have been used in decorative floral arrangements. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Has a shallow and wide-spreading root system. Large, creamy white and very fragrant flowers grace this broad leafed evergreen in late spring and early summer. Southern magnolia/Magnolia grandiflora L. In Southern fruit-producing woody plants used by wildlife. [4] It grows on sand-hills in maritime forests, where it is found growing with live oaks and saw palmetto (Serenoa repens). [10] Despite preferring sites with increased moisture, it does not tolerate inundation. Some call it the Jones Magnolia because two unrelated boys were born to Jones families the same year the tree was planted. Once established, 'Edith Bogue' has been known to have only minor spotting and margin burn on the leaf in temperatures as low as −5 °F (−21 °C). The fruit of the southern magnolia … It was the oldest tree on the White House grounds and was so famous that it was for decades pictured on the back of the $20 bill as part of a view of the South Front. The large, showy, lemon citronella-scented flowers are white, up to 30 cm (11 3⁄4 in) across and fragrant, with six to 12 petals with a waxy texture, emerging from the tips of twigs on mature trees in late spring. They are dark green, stiff and leathery, and often scurfy underneath with yellow-brown pubescence. Yields fruit that is 3–8" long, attracting birds. 'Exmouth' was developed in the early 18th century by John Colliton in Devon. [21], In the United States, southern magnolia, along with sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana) and cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), is commercially harvested. If the size is available, tags are attached, free of damage, odor free and item appears unworn/unwashed then you’re exchange will be processed. [4], Exceptionally large trees have been reported in the far southern United States. Magnolia grandiflora is a medium to large evergreen tree which may grow 120 ft (37 m) tall. [3] The leaves are simple and broadly ovate, 12–20 cm (4 3⁄4–7 3⁄4 in) long and 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) broad,[3] with smooth margins. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Magnolia grandiflora, commonly known as the southern magnolia or bull bay, is a tree of the family Magnoliaceae native to the southeastern United States, from Virginia to central Florida, and west to East Texas. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Originally developed in 1952 by Steed's Nursery in. It was near a blacksmith shop where Jim Bowie fashioned his famous knife. Our little mothers are standard and imperial teacup size ( average 6 lbs) Shih-Tzu. The usually straight-grained wood has uniform texture with closely spaced rings. The Southern magnolia is a large evergreen tree that can reach a height of well over a hundred feet, although when cultivated 60 to 80 feet is the usual mature size. Even if you remove the lower branches (which I hate to see), its dense shade and surface roots make growing grass beneath it impossible. Isolation and characterization of the sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin from Magnolia grandiflora L. Farouk S. El-Feraly and Yee-Ming Chan, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, March 1978, Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 347–350, 3,5′-diallyl-2′-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenyl, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T193948A2291865.en, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200008470, http://bonap.net/MapGallery/County/Magnolia%20grandiflora.png, "Exclusive: Iconic White House tree to be cut down", "White House to cut back magnolia tree planted by Andrew Jackson", "Little Gem vs. Teddy Bear Magnolia Trees", United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile for, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnolia_grandiflora&oldid=990765332, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [2] It typically has a single stem (or trunk) and a pyramidal shape. 1. 'Goliath' was developed by Caledonia Nurseries of Guernsey, and has a bushier habit and globular flowers of up to 30 cm (12 in) diameter. The dwarf magnolia "Little Gem" is a smaller, 35-foot version of the Southern magnolia, meaning it grows in the same type of environment and has a similar appearance. The original tree sent to Edith A. Bogue from Florida helped to establish cold-hardy specimens in the Middle Atlantic states from Delaware to coastal Connecticut. Antimicrobial activity of phenolic constituents of magnolia grandiflora L. Alice M. Clark, Arouk S. El-Feraly, Wen-Shyong Li, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, August 1981, Volume 70, Issue 8, pages 951–952. Many large and very old specimens can be found in the subtropical port cities such as Houston, TX; New Orleans, LA; Mobile, Alabama; Jacksonville, FL; Savannah, GA; Charleston, SC; and Wilmington, NC. The Alta Southern Magnolia grows into a narrow, upright tree, a little more than twice as tall as it is wide. 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