Unsure of what this meant exactly, but pleased with the price and the promises of var­i­ous hype words and adver­tis­ing jar­gon, my mother made the buy. Each recipe was comprised of 100% olive oil, made in 1 lb. Concerned about the lev­els of PAHs like ben­zoyprene in pomace oil, the Spanish gov­ern­ment intro­duced a tem­po­rary ban on pomace oil in July, 2001 and halted all exports of pomace oil until tests were con­ducted and lim­its of the allow­able amounts of PAH’s present in the oil were made concrete. This means that the oil doesn’t impart much taste to the food. The Spanish government introduced a temporary ban on olive-pomace oil in response to these findings. It has a free acidity, expressed as oleic acid, of not more than 1 gram per 100 grams and its other characteristics correspond to those laid down for this category. It is also lower in nutritional value as compared to virgin olive oil and Agarwal recommends using it as a hair and skin oil instead of cooking purposes. These Olive Oil were small sizes, purchased off of retail store shelves at a local grocery store and a chain grocery store (generally, 8 to 16 ounce sizes; the smallest each brand had to offer). It is intended for refining for use for human consumption, or it is intended for technical use. With that said, how­ever, in other olive oil pro­duc­ing coun­tries which are non-IOC mem­bers (India, emerg­ing Middle Eastern pro­duc­ers, sev­eral Latin American states, and even the United States where retail grades have no legal mean­ing) such strin­gent stan­dards are not enforced and there­fore the pur­chase of pomace oil prod­ucts from these regions is not advisable. 82 Percent of Avocado Oil Adulterated, Mislabeled or Poor Quality, Study Finds. ", The Spanish government reported that high levels of contaminants called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), some of which can cause cancer, were found in some olive-pomace oil products. If you do hap­pen to buy a bot­tle of pomace oil acci­den­tally and are still resis­tant to the idea of using it as a cook­ing agent, you need not throw it away as there are a num­ber of uses for it. 3. Further research revealed that the Spanish gov­ern­ment, noto­ri­ous for its strict reg­u­la­tion of olive oil prod­ucts, had tem­porar­ily banned the sale of this grade of olive oil in July, 2001. I had never heard of pomace olive oil at all and after a quick sur­vey of friends and fam­ily, I found out that I was not alone. Once the mechanical oil extraction of olive oil is complete, approximately 5–8% of the oil remains in the pulp, which then needs to be extracted with the help of solvents, an industrial technique used in the production of most other edible oils including canola, peanut, sunflower, etc. Crude olive–pomace oil and second extraction oil have to be refined for edible use (Brenes et al., 2004). If used in the kitchen at all, pomace oil is mostly used in indus­trial set­tings or in restau­rants as a deep fry­ing agent because of its high smoke point (240 degrees Celsius). Extra-Virgin Olive Oil. Italy Set to Deal Major Blow to 'Agribusiness Pirates'. The purpose of processing the remaining pulp from olive oil production is to produce edible oil. Olive pomace oil is olive oil that is extracted from olive pulp after the first press. The contamination is believed to result from the process used to produce this oil. Cooperation in Fight Against Food Fraud Grows Among EU Countries. Benzopyrenes result from the incom­plete com­bus­tion of the fats present in the olives. Using pomace oil as massaging oil can give you a healthy and smooth skin. [citation needed], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Olive_pomace_oil&oldid=952810125, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 April 2020, at 05:17. Unfortunately, some­times we buy olive pomace oil unin­ten­tion­ally, thanks to uneth­i­cal pro­duc­ers who have been known to com­mit fraud by mis­la­bel­ing cans or bot­tles of olive pomace oil. I was astounded by my own igno­rance of this prod­uct and that of the gen­eral pub­lic, espe­cially con­sid­er­ing the poten­tial dan­gers of con­sum­ing pomace oil from unreg­u­lated pro­duc­ers. This is because the International Olive Council defines olive oil as “the oil obtained solely from the fruit of the olive tree, to the exclusion of oils obtained using solvents or re-esterification processes” [1], The International Olive Council has classified olive pomace oil into the following categories:[1]. Pure olive oil is a blend of extra virgin and refined olive oil. But with all of the avail­able olive oils on the mar­ket today, it’s in your best inter­est from both a health and culi­nary stand­point to stick to extra vir­gin. It has a more neutral flavor than pure or virgin olive oil, making it unfashionable among connoisseurs; however, it has the same fat composition as regular olive oil, giving it the same health benefits. As a result, spe­cific stan­dards have been set in var­i­ous regions of the world lim­it­ing the allow­able amount of ben­zopy­renes in pomace olive oil. It is fit for consumption, but may not be described simply as olive oil . Potential Dangers of Pomace Olive Oil: Cheaper is Not Always Better, During my mother’s most recent search for olive oil at a local gro­cer, she selected a cheaper option which she had never pur­chased before. See Also: Trade Group Sues Olive Oil Producer for Deceptive Labeling But it’s also impor­tant to note that the process by which pomace oil is extracted is no dif­fer­ent to the process used to extract other con­ven­tional cook­ing oils such as corn, soy, sun­flower, saf­flower, canola, or cot­ton­seed and in com­par­i­son to these oils, pomace oil still retains olive oil’s basic lipid pro­file and there­fore boasts high lev­els of oleano­lic acid which has been proven to relieve states of hyper­ten­sion and high blood pressure. Pomace contains about 2-8 % residual oil. So, just what is pomace olive oil, exactly? Beneficial For Hair. Warnings about possible carcinogenic properties of olive-pomace oil have been issued by the British Food Standards Agency as well as others. Benzopyrenes, being them­selves highly reac­tive fats, can dis­solve eas­ily into cel­lu­lar mem­branes and thereby enter a cell’s inte­rior. Health Benefits Of Pomace Olive Oil 1. Refined olive-pomace oil (ROPO). In no case shall this blend be called "olive oil". Refined olive pomace oil. The smell, taste and tex­ture of the imposter was noth­ing like extra vir­gin, and upon fur­ther inspec­tion and a quick con­sul­ta­tion of a num­ber of sources, we found out that my mother, as well as a great num­ber of other con­sumers com­plain­ing vehe­mently over the inter­net, had unwit­tingly pur­chased a bas­tardized prod­uct that was­n’t even olive oil — but some­thing called ​“olive pomace oil.”. See Also: International Standard for Olive Oil (IOC)This very process, the same high heat tech­nique used in pro­duc­ing canola, sun­flower, and other veg­etable oils, is why unreg­u­lated olive pomace oil some­times con­tain harm­ful com­po­nents known as poly­cyclic aro­matic hydro­car­bons (PAHs) like ben­zopy­rene, which research has shown to be highly car­cino­genic and muta­genic. It is the lowest grade of oil and it represents only a tiny amount of the UK vegetable oil market, around 0.25% of the one million tonnes consumed each year. And although human expo­sure to PAHs is some­thing of the quo­tid­ian — as they are also cre­ated with the com­bus­tion of fos­sil fuels, burn­ing trash, agri­cul­tural fires, indus­trial processes, tobacco smoke and vehi­cle exhaust emis­sions — our expo­sure to PAHs should be as lim­ited as much as pos­si­ble, espe­cially when ingest­ing food. Olive oil tops the list for joint activities against counterfeit, adulteration and misleading labels.