They are distributed from the Travancore Kerala, Nilgiris, Kodagu north up to the Charmadi ghats, Karnataka. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. [2] It is about 55–65 cm (22–26 in) long from head to vent and has a tail of 40–45 cm (16–18 in). The Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii) is the only marten species native to southern India. It lives in the hills of the Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. [11], "Mustelids, Viverrids and Herpestids of India: Species Profile and Conservation Status", "Lesser Known Carnivores of the Western Ghats", "Recent sightings and habitat characteristics of the endemic Nilgiri Marten, Photographs: Close encounters in the wild, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgiri_marten&oldid=986841296, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 09:38. It is omnivorous and preys on birds, small mammals and insects such as cicadas. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. The rare animal mainly inhabits the shola grassland and high altitude evergreen forests. [3]:6, The Nilgiri marten mainly inhabits the shola grassland and high altitude evergreen forests, and occasionally the adjacent mid-altitude moist deciduous forests and commercial plantations, that span the Western Ghats in the South Indian states of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. They are deep brown from head to rump, with the forequarters being almost reddish. They are similar in appearance to the Yellow-throated marten but only larger and have a prominent frontal concavity. [10][2] It has also been observed feeding on a variety of fruits and seeds. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Nilgiri martens is around 1,000 mature individuals. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of Nilgiri martens is around 1,000 mature individuals. They are mainly arboreal but descend to the ground occasionally. As of now, it has been listed ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List. It weighs about 2.1 kg (4.6 lb). The Nilgiri marten is the only marten species native to the southern part of India. 2. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. The elusive Nilgiri marten is the only marten species found in India. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. [4][5][6][7][8][9], The Nilgiri marten is diurnal. Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red … The Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii) is the only marten species native to southern India. It is mainly arboreal, but descends to the ground occasionally. It has a prominent frontal concavity and is larger than the yellow-throated marten. The Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii) is the only marten species native to southern India. They also occur in tea, acacia, coffee, cardamom, and wattle plantations. Nilgiri martens play an important role in their ecosystem: the seeds they eat as part of their varied diet are eventually dispersed throughout the forest by way of feces. The marten's English common name is derived from the Nilgiri Hills that form the center of its range, but sightings have been reported as far north as Charmadi Ghat and as far south as the Neyyar and Peppara Wildlife Sanctuaries. They are social and spend their time and even hunt in groups. Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List but its numbers today are stable. It lives in the hills of the Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. Nilgiri Marten on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilgiri_marten, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/12847/86161239. Nilgiri martens are omnivorous and prey on birds, small mammals, and insects such as cicadas. These animals also suffer from persecution because they often destruct bees-box contents. Nilgiri martens live in evergreen forests and montane forest-grassland mosaics. Nilgiri martens are found in southern India. It is usually found in the hills of Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. Little is know about the mating system and reproductive behavior in Nilgiri martens. Nilgiri martens are diurnal creatures. It lives in the hills of the Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats. They also feed on a variety of fruits and seeds. 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