The Eurasian Spoonbill or Common Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) is a wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae, breeding in southern Eurasia from Spain to Japan, and also in North Africa. Required fields are marked *. Most birds migrate to the tropics in winter, with European breeders mainly going to Africa, but a few remaining in mild winter areas of western Europe north to the United Kingdom. 1992, del Hoyo et al. In the Palearctic, the species breeds in spring (e.g. 1982, Snow and Perrins 1998). This lack of significant increase in the population despite that apparently all aspects that should have favoured its growth are present (relative tranquillity at the site and proximity to feeding places) can probably be attributed to two factors. 3. The Eurasian Spoonbill has been breeding at Smir heronry since two decades, but the breeding population has never exceeded 20 pairs. 2. (Hancock et al. More northerly breeding populations are absolutely migratory however could solely migrate quick distances whereas different, extra southerly populations are resident and nomadic or partially migratory. It has a crest within the breeding season. They may inhabit any sort of marsh, river, lake, flooded space, and mangrove swamp, whether or not contemporary, brackish, or saline. There are three subspecies: P. l. leucorodia, the nominate race, occupies all the range except as below. This is a Palearctic species, breeding from the United Kingdom and Spain within the west by way of to Japan, and in addition to North Africa. Plumage white with brown-yellow patch on throat and sides of upper breast. or poplar Populus spp.). This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (extent of occurrence <20,000 km 2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population … 1982). 1992). from April) however in tropical components of its range it instances breeding to coincide with rainfall. The species nests in colonies within which neighbouring nests are usually placed 1-2 m apart or touching (Hancock et al. reedbeds) (del Hoyo et al. Here are some fun facts about this unique species. 1. Population justificationThe global population is estimated to number c.63,000-65,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The Eurasian Spoonbill is a wading bird, breeding in southern Eurasia from Spain to Japan, and in addition to North Africa. Non-breeders lack the crest and breast patch, and immature birds have a pale bill and black tips to the first flight feathers. Your email address will not be published. Poaching and collisions with overhead electricity cables are the main non-natural causes of death during migration (Triplet et al. In Europe, solely The Netherlands, Spain, Austria, Hungary, and Greece have sizeable populations. 1992) (less than 30 cm deep) wetlands with mud, clay or fine sand substrates, generally avoiding waters with rocky substrates, thick vegetation or swift currents (Hancock et al. Habitat The species shows a preference for extensive shallow (del Hoyo et al. In England it was historically referred to as the “shovelard”, a reputation later used for the Northern Shoveller.This species is sort of unmistakable in most of its range. The breeding fowl is all white aside from its darkish legs, a black bill with a yellow tip, and a yellow breast patch like a pelican. The genus identify Platalea is from Latin and means “broad”, referring to the distinctive form of the bill, and leucorodia is from Ancient Greek leukerodios “spoonbill”, itself derived from leukos, “white” and erodios “heron”. Eurasian spoonbills may frequently shelter marine habitats in the course of the winter corresponding to deltas, estuaries, tidal creeks, and coastal lagoons. The collective noun for spoonbills is bowl. Key information. or poplar Populus spp.) The European population is estimated at 10,200-15,200 pairs, which equates to 20,400-30,500 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Breeding colonies are sited within 10-15 km of feeding areas, often much less (although the species may also feed up to 35-40 km away) (Hancock et al. (Hancock et al. The Eurasian Spoonbill differs from the African Spoonbill with which in overlaps in winter, in that the latter species has a red face and legs, and no crest. In this article, I am going to talk about Eurasian spoonbill facts, IUCN, call, range, lifespan, sound, color, images, etc. It is most active during the morning and evening (although in coastal areas it forages at low tide regardless of the time of day) (Hancock et al. The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). 2. willow Salix spp., oak Quercus spp. http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2020. 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