This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. See more. A B; amni/o: amnion: cervic/o: neck, cervix: colp/o vagin/o: vagina: galact/o lact/o lact/i: milk: gynec/o estr/a estr/o: woman, female: metr/o: uterus measure List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. There are a few rules when using medical roots. episi/o. Episiotomy: When it's needed, when it's not. Start by reviewing the meanings for a block of medical terms, and then go back and choose a previous term randomly and try to recall the meaning of that particular medical term before hovering over the term to determine the answer. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. to empty (2nd part of small intestine) jejun/um; to empty (the second part of the small intestine/refers to uterus hyster/o, metr/o, metri/o combining form: hyster/ectomy: Definition. medical terms 2 - -emesis to muc/o. This section was developed for 'speed learning' of medical terminology. curet kū-RĔT. Here's what you need to know about the risks, benefits and recovery. vulva episi/o/tomy (ĕ-pēs-ē-ŎT-ō-mē): incision of the perineum Episiotomy is performed to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery of the fetus. Hystero- definition, a combining form meaning “uterus,” used in the formation of compound words: hysterotomy. 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