en Companion ads allow you to link non-video display ad slots to the ads that play in a video player on the same web page. Although he obtained Macedonian citizenship, his father was a Thessalian named Agathocles. Other articles where Hetairoi is discussed: Alexander the Great: Campaign eastward to Central Asia: The Companion cavalry was reorganized in two sections, each containing four squadrons (now known as hipparchies); one group was commanded by Alexander’s oldest friend, Hephaestion, the other by Cleitus, an older man. The Companion cavalry, or Hetairoi, were the elite arm of the Macedonian army, and have been regarded as the best cavalry [1] in the ancient world.Along with Thessalian cavalry contingents, the Companions—raised from landed nobility—made up the bulk of the Macedonian heavy cavalry. Are You Learning English? His Companion Cavalry, as they were called, wore Boeotian helmets (what you see in the photograph), as well as a cuirass, which was a chest piece with a muscled physique cast into it. Alexander the Great led a small cavalry unit of 1,800 Greco-Macedonian companion cavalry, supported by brigades of hypaspists, and part of his phalanx, charged and broke through the centre of a massive army of 50,000 Persian warriors led by Emperor Darius III. How to use cavalry in a sentence. Credit: Cogito / YouTube Having landed a critical blow against their opponents, Alexander and his hetairoi would then wheel round behind the enemy infantry, who were already engaged with the Macedonian phalanx, and deal a death blow from behind. To answer this question, it is important to define the difference between the two. Napoleon's Imperial Guard and Saddam Hussein Republican Guard would be good examples. Cavalry definition is - an army component mounted on horseback. [5][6] They were originally commanded by a single leader, Philotas under Alexander the Great, but following his execution would see the leadership split between two men, Cleitus the Black and Hephaestion. Definition of companion cavalry in English: companion cavalry. See synonyms for companion cavalry. Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s trusted bodyguards and a member of his Companion Cavalry. In Alexander's day, each carried a xyston, and wore a bronze muscle cuirass or linothorax, shoulder guards and Boeotian helmets, but bore no shield. ‘Companions’ was a title not used by the Seleucids in its original sense. Early 19th century; earliest use found in William Mitford (1744–1827), historian of ancient Greece. Depends on what you mean by knights. A shield-bearer or armor-bearer. [6] These cavalry squadrons would sometimes be combined together in groups of two, three or four to form a hipparchy, which was commanded by a hipparch, though the whole Companion force was generally commanded by Alexander. The imperial Hetaireia was composed chiefly of foreigners. Define Hypaspists. The Companions probably constituted the first real shock cavalry in history, able to conduct charges against massed infantry, even if such use is scarcely described in the ancient sources. The name of the military unit derives from Greek Hetairoi, those near the king. Cavalry definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. [13], Theopompus describes the Companions, probably of around the mid 4th century BC, as being made of "no more than 800 at this time" and mustered "some from Macedonia, some from Thessaly and still others from the rest of Greece". Elite units enjoy some benefits as compared to other units, at least in the form of higher status, but often also higher pay and better equipment. The Companion cavalry of the Diadochoi (Alexandrian successor-states), were even more heavily equipped. 400. Bläddra milions ord och fraser på alla språk. [11][12] During the advance on Granicus, a squadron commanded by Socrates of Macedon (not to be confused with the philosopher) hailed from Apollonia on Lake Bolbe. The Hetairoi (Companions) could be members of the Macedonian aristocracy or commoners of any origin who enjoyed the trust and friendship of the Macedonian regent. Contemporary cavalry, even when heavily armored, would most usually be equipped with javelins and would avoid melee[citation needed]. does that mean to call for help, to solve a … Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? The mercenary cavalry was divided into two groups, veterans on the flank of the right and the rest in front of the Agrians and Greek archers, who were stationed next to the phalanx. Heavy Cavalry: from 1,700 to 2,100 riders It is not clear if the definition of “companion” came from the fact that they were “companions” of the king, which they protected in battle, as a type of royal guard, or from the fact that they were companions and equal among themselves, since they trained and lived together and were of more or less “noble” origin.