Should CIOs report to CEOs or CFOs? The CIO and CTO job roles are frequently confused, but there are clear distinctions between the two positions in most large enterprises. A CTO creates technology to sell to customers whereas a CIO focuses on managing infrastructure for the business operations. Editor's note: This is an update of an interview with information security researcher Tarah Wheeler, conducted at the ISSA International Conference in San Diego in 2017. Shifting the CISO Reporting Structure. In the digital age, many traditional IT roles and reporting structures are changing to balance support for both operations and innovations. The CIO is on an equal or in some cases higher seat in the overall command structure. There, Wheeler argued that CISO-CIO relationships can undermine an organization's cybersecurity efforts, in particular when companies have their CISOs reporting to the office of the CIO. The CEO is, therefore, responsible for the success or failure of the company. Generally responsible for the technical teams and to implement new strategies to improve the final product. This role is quite similar to that of a CIO, but the approach in this case is more technical. “More typically, they would be buried in some convoluted reporting structure.” While Eteläniemi believes the CIO’s office is the most logical place for the CISO to report today some businesses note the importance of CISO impartiality and have removed any direct reporting line to the CIO. Some organisations employ a CIO and a CTO. And while CTOs often report to CIOs in blue-chip enterprises, the roles and the relationships between them vary between companies. New management order: CEO, COO, CFO, CMO, CXO to CIO - Although the position of the CEO has a certain awe attached to it, it also comes with many responsibilities. It’s that simple. CTO . His explanation for being a CTO rather than a CIO is straightforward. Conventional wisdom about the CIO's reporting structure may be flawed. The Chief Technology Officer oversees the development and correct operation of information systems from the point of view of execution. According to K logix, more than half of CISOs report to the chief information officer (CIO) while 15 percent report to the chief executive officer (CEO). The IT management reporting structure should enable this position to accomplish these activities and ensure accountability for security, business resilience, risk reporting, and alignment of IT with business needs. The … Conventional wisdom says it depends on a company's strategy. Even today, Google has no CTO, CDO, CIO — they have engineers and a product team. The CIO or CTO should play a key role in the strategic planning as well as supporting activities of peers in various lines of business. Rajiv Banker, professor of accounting and IT at Temple University's Fox School of Business, says that conventional reporting models don't always produce the expected results. 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